Jeff Bezos loses £2.2bn Nasa moon contract to Elon Musk’s SpaceX

Amazon founder Jeff Bezos announces he will be on Blue Origin s first human flight into space and invites his brother Mark to join him. The billionaire intends to beat space sector rivals Elon Musk and Richard Branson by being aboard the first human flight launched by his space company Blue Origin on July 20. He surprised his younger brother and best friend Mark by inviting him to be on the flight, and they will also be joined by the winner of a multi-million dollar auction. Bezos, who has an estimated personal wealth of over $180 billion (USD) explained how he has always dreamed of travelling into space and announced: I will take that journey with my brother. The greatest adventure, with my best friend. The brothers and four other passengers will launch into space on the first crewed flight of Blue Origin s New Shepard rocket and will spend at least 10 minutes floating in zero gravity inside the capsule. The flight could be a major step forward in the quest to send paying travelers to the edge of space. *MANDATORY BYLINE MUST CREDIT: BLUE ORIGIN/MEGA. 09 Jun 2021 Pictured: Jeff Bezos and Blue Origin's New Shepard rocket. Photo credit: Blue Origin/MEGA TheMegaAgency.com +1 888 505 6342
Jeff Bezos had previously offered to cover up to $2 billion in costs to build a lander for Nasa that would take astronauts to the moon in exchange for a contract to build the device. (Credits: Blue Origin)

The billionaire race to space has shifted in Musk’s favour as a US federal judge dismissed Bezos’ lawsuit against Nasa yesterday.

In August, Bezos’ space company Blue Origin had filed a complaint in the U.S. Court of Federal Claims against Nasa over its decision to award a $2.9 billion moon contract to Musk’s SpaceX.

‘This bid protest challenges NASA’s unlawful and improper evaluation of proposals,’ Blue Origin wrote in its initial court filing. Blue Origin and defence contractor Dynetics had both submitted proposals for the lunar lander contract.

Nasa’s surprise announcement to solely award SpaceX with the lunar lander contract came in April.

The space agency was originally expected to award the contract to two out of the three companies. Nasa defended its decision to give the lucrative contract to a single company by citing Congress’ lower-than-expected budget allocation for the program.

VAN HORN, TEXAS - OCTOBER 13: (L-R) Blue Origins vice president of mission and flight operations Audrey Powers, Star Trek actor William Shatner, Planet Labs co-founder Chris Boshuizen and Medidata Solutions co-founder Glen de Vries wave during a media availability on the landing pad of Blue Origin???s New Shepard after they flew into space on October 13, 2021 near Van Horn, Texas. Shatner became the oldest person to fly into space on the ten minute flight. They flew aboard mission NS-18, the second human spaceflight for the company which is owned by Amazon founder Jeff Bezos. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
The Blue Origin launch in October 2021 (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)

This is not Blue Origin’s first attempt to get Nasa’s decision overturned.

In July, Blue Origin and Dynetics filed a protest in the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) which was denied.

‘SpaceX submitted the lowest-priced proposal with the highest rating, and the offers submitted by Blue Origin and Dynetics were significantly higher in price’ said the GAO in a press release.

Following this, Jeff Bezos in an open letter to Nasa’s Bill Nelson offered to cover up to $2 billion in costs to build a lander that would take astronauts to the moon in exchange for a contract to build the device.

When none of the efforts worked, Blue Origin took Nasa to court. The lawsuit was an effort ‘to restore fairness, create competition, and ensure a safe return to the Moon for America’ according to the company.

SpaceX's Starship
Starship prototype rocket SN11 stands on the launchpad at the company’s facility in Boca Chica, Texas.
Credits: SpaceX

Human Landing Systems or HLS is a part of Nasa’s Artemis mission to land astronauts on the moon by 2024.

Last year, Nasa awarded the three teams 10-month contracts worth $967 to begin work on the lunar lander concepts under the HLS program. SpaceX was awarded the least amount of the three, with $135 million. Meanwhile, Dynetics received $253 million and Blue Origin, $579 million.

For Nasa’s Human Landing Systems program, Musk’s company bid a variation of its Starship rocket, prototypes of which SpaceX has been testing in this facility in Texas. The company has performed multiple successful test flights of Starship to date, although the last four landing attempts of high-altitude flights ended in fiery explosions.

Nasa astronauts will use Musk’s Starship to transfer from its Orion spacecraft when the capsule reaches lunar orbit.

Blue Origin has openly criticised Musk’s Starship as a launch vehicle that has never flown to orbit and is still being designed. ‘It what immense complexity & heightened risk looked like for going back to the moon,’ according to the Bezos-owned company.

Elon Musk took to Twitter to defend it saying ‘that even if Santa Claus suddenly made their hardware real for free, the first thing you’d want to do is cancel it’

The Artemis moon landing mission was announced by the Donald Trump administration. The current administration under President Joe Biden is expected to continue with the lunar mission.

Blue Origin had unveiled its plans to build a crewed lunar lander in 2019, partnering with industry giants like Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman and Draper.

Yesterday’s decision seals the deal for SpaceX and Musk was evidently pleased to have the last word by tweeting out a meme from the 1995 movie ‘Judge Dredd’.

Musk now leads the billionaire space race between Blue Origin, SpaceX and Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic.

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Tech Blue origin Elon musk Jeff bezos Spacex The moon